One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand.
In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts on each try line.
On tours to Great Britain (and later France), Australia was known as the Kangaroos.
Great Britain dominated in the early years, and Australia did not win a Test against the Lions until 11 November 1911 under captain Chris Mc Kivat.
Mosman Rugby Club, also known as the Whales, have a proud history dating back to 1893, which makes us one of the oldest rugby union clubs in Australia.
Six Nations Rory Best has warned of the dangers of a shortened Six Nations window after Irish rugby players emphatically rejected mooted plans to take the rest weeks out of the current schedule from 2020.
The team are the most successful in Rugby League World Cup history, having contested all 14 and winning 10 of them, failing to reach the final only once, in the inaugural tournament in 1954.
Only four nations have beaten Australia in test matches, and Australia have an overall win percentage of 67%.
The Australian national rugby league team (or the Kangaroos) have represented Australia in senior men's rugby league football competition since the establishment of the 'Northern Union game' in Australia in 1908.
Administered by the Australian Rugby League, the Kangaroos are ranked first in the RLIF World Rankings.